The Judicial activity in Nagaon district has long since been
playing a significant role in administering justice in the district.
The district judiciary is divided into two co-related divisions with
two separate heads. The divisions are known as the "Judges' Court"
and "CJM's Court". The first court, where both Civil and Criminal
matters are judged and decided is headed by the District &
Sessions Judge while the second court, where criminal cases only are
decided is headed by the Chief Judicial Magistrate. Both these two
divisions comprise the district judiciary that is subordinate to the
Hon'ble "The Gauhati High Court" at Guwahati and the District &
Sessions Judge is empowered as the head of the district judiciary as
well as sessions division.
The Nagaon Judiciary is enriched with glorious history. At first,
two Civil Courts namely- the Court of the Munsiff and the Court of
the Sub- Judge (Mafasal) were established in the district. The
latter had to administer Justice in the then undivided Nagaon
district (later divided into Nagaon and Morigaon districts) and in
some parts of Karbi-Anglong and Sonitpur districts and thereby
accomplished a Herculean task indeed. The Munsiff Court decided the
cases of Civil matters. Both the said Courts were run under the
supervision of the Hon'ble Gauhati High Court, Guwahati. However,
the dignified post of District & Sessions Judge was created in
1967 and the Judges have accordingly been appointed by the Hon'ble
High Court, Guwahati.
Previously, the Criminal Courts were controlled by the District
Magistrate/Deputy Commissioner prior to the amendment of the Cr.P.C.
1973. The cases of the criminal courts were then tried by the Addl.
District Magistrate (Judl.). Since 30-07-1974, the Hon'ble High
Court, Guwahti has been appointing the Chief Judicial Magistrate in
the district for administering Criminal Justice. Since then as many
as 19 Chief Judicial Magistrates were seen to have been working in
the District and mentioned may be the name of the first one is Md.
Abdul Mazid. It is heartening to note that our first C.J.M. has
become the member of the Human Rights Commission, Assam. The
distinguished name of the Hon'ble C.J.M's. are on the record.
Regarding formation of District Judge Court the History traced back
to 1967 when Hon'ble Mr. Was appointed as a District Judge in the
district. It is pried that as many as 4 District Judges were
elevated to the coveted post of Hon'ble Judge of the Gauhati High
Court. They are Sri D.N.Biswas, Sri P.G.Agarwal, Sri S.K.Kar and Sri
I.A.Ansari and their Lordships are dispensing Justice with much